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Vipera berus

Common European Adder

Venomous 💀💀💀 Dangerous bite ref
Images automatically provided by Flickr & iNaturalist. Sporadic false assignment does occur.
  • Length Adult

  • up to 105 cm ref
  • Length Newborn

  • 13 to 20 cm ref
  • Reproduction

  • ovoviviparous ref
  • Pupil Shape (when closed!)

  • slit (or vertical elliptical) ref
  • Fangs

  • foldable ref front-fanged ref
  • Teeth/Fang Length

  • 4 mm ref

Altitude range

Vertical distribution

0 to 3000 meter above sea level (a.s.l.) ref

Subspecies & Common Names

Vipera berus  AFRIKAANS Moerasadder, ARABIC الأفعى الشائعة, BASQUE Europar Sugegorri, BELARUSIAN Гадзюка звычайная (Hadziuka Zvyčajnaja), BOSNIAN Crna šarka, BRETON Naer Wiber Europa, BULGARIAN Гадюка звичайна, Усойница (Usoĭnitsa), CATALAN Escurçó Europeu, CHINESE 极北蝰 (Jí Běi Kuí), 極北 (Jíběi), 極北蝰 (Jíběi Kuí), CHUVASH Хура çĕлен (Khura çĕlyen), CZECH Zmije Obecná, DANISH Hugorm, DUTCH Europese Adder, Gewone Adder, Zwarte Adder, ENGLISH Adder, Common European Adder, Common European Viper, Cross Adder, Crossed Viper, European Adder, Northern Viper, ESTONIAN Harilik Rästik, FAROESE Høggormur, FINNISH Kyy, Kyykäärme, FRENCH Vipère Berus, Vipère Péliade, GERMAN Europäische Kreuzotter, Höllenotter, Kreuzotter, HEBREW צפע אירופאי, HUNGARIAN Keresztes Vipera, ITALIAN Marasso, JAPANESE ヨーロッパクサリヘビ (Yōroppakusarihebi), KOREAN 북살무사 (Bugsalmusa), LATVIAN Parastā Odze, LITHUANIAN Paprastoji Angis, LUXEMBOURGISH Kräizotter, MACEDONIAN Шарка (Sharka), MODERN GREEK Αστρίτης (Astrítis), MONGOLIAN Шим кӹшкӹ (Shim Kÿshkÿ), NORWEGIAN Hoggorm, PANJABI وپرا بیرس, PERSIAN افعی اروپایی معمولی, POLISH Żmija Zygzakowata, RUSSIAN Обыкновенная гадюка (Obyknovennaya Gadyuka), SERBIAN Šarka, SLOVAK Vretenica Severná, SLOVENIAN Navadni Gad, SPANISH Víbora Común Europea, SWEDISH Huggorm, TATAR Гади кара елан, TURKISH Bayağı Engerek, UNCODED LANGUAGES Cykcakòwatô żnija, Needer, Njirre, WELSH Gwiber ref
Vipera berus berus ref
Vipera berus sachalinensis ENGLISH East Asian Viper, Sachalin Viper, Sakhalin Island Adder, GERMAN Sachalinotter, KOREAN 북살모사 (Bugsalmosa) ref
Vipera berus nikolskii ENGLISH Nikolsky's Adder, Nikolsky's Viper, GERMAN Waldsteppenotter ref
Vipera berus bosniensis CROATIAN Riđovka, ENGLISH Balkan Cross Adder ref

Full Taxonomy

  • I. Superfamily Colubroidea

  • Colubrids, elapids and vipers
  • II. Family Viperidae

  • Vipers and pit vipers
  • III. Subfamily Viperinae

  • True vipers
  • IV. Genus Vipera

  • Palaearctic vipers
  • V. Species Vipera berus

  • Common European adder
  • VI. snakeID

  • 460
Look up complete taxonomic records of Vipera berus (including synonyms) at THE REPTILE DATABASE (by Peter Uetz et al).