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Thelotornis capensis

Southern Twig Snake

Venomous 💀💀💀💀 Very dangerous bite ref
Images automatically provided by Flickr & iNaturalist. Sporadic false assignment does occur.


Venom effects in human bite victims can be delayed! After envenomation and a latent period of 1-24 hrs., symptoms like generalized bleeding and necrosis can occur and lead to death.
  • Length Adult

  • up to 168 cm ref
  • Length Newborn

  • 23 to 33 cm ref
  • Reproduction

  • oviparous ref
  • Pupil Shape (when closed!)

  • keyhole shape (horizontally elliptical) ref
  • Fangs

  • fixed ref rear-fanged ref

Subspecies & Common Names

Thelotornis capensis  AFRIKAANS Gewone Voelslang, Takslang, Voëlslang, ENGLISH Bird Snake, Savanna Vine Snake, Southern Bird Snake, Southern Twig Snake, Southern Vine Snake, Twig Snake, Vine Snake, GERMAN Savannen Vogelnatter, Südliche Vogelnatter, UNCODED LANGUAGES Kotikoti, Mosenene ref
Thelotornis capensis capensis ref
Thelotornis capensis schilsi ref
Thelotornis capensis oatesi ENGLISH Oate's Bird Snake, Oate's Twig Snake, Oates' Vine Snake ref

Full Taxonomy

  • I. Superfamily Colubroidea

  • Colubrids, elapids and vipers
  • II. Family Colubridae

  • Colubrids
  • III. Subfamily Colubrinae

  • Colubrids
  • IV. Genus Thelotornis

  • Bird snakes
  • V. Species Thelotornis capensis

  • Southern twig snake
  • VI. snakeID

  • 2288
Look up complete taxonomic records of Thelotornis capensis (including synonyms) at THE REPTILE DATABASE (by Peter Uetz et al).