UPDATE 1st June, 2018: We just set up snake_ID, a cool new page that simplifies snake identification. Be sure to check it out!

Thelotornis capensis

Southern twig snake

Venomous 💀💀💀💀 Very dangerous ref
Images provided by Flickr-/iNaturalist-API. Sporadic false assignments may occur.


Venom effects in human bite victims can be delayed! After envenomation and a latent period of 1-24 hrs., symptoms like generalized bleeding and necrosis can occur and lead to death.
  • Snake Length

  • 23 cm - 160 cm ref
  • Dentition

  • rear-fanged
  • Weight

  • ??? gr - 78.8 gr ref
  • D.movability

  • fixed
  • Pupil shape (closed state)

  • keyhole shape 
  • Teeth/Fang Length


Altitude range

Vertical distribution

??? to ??? meter above sea level (a.s.l.)

Subspecies & Common Names

Thelotornis capensis  0 AF Gewone Voelslang, Takslang, Voëlslang, DE Savannen Vogelnatter, Südliche Vogelnatter, EN Bird snake, Savanna vine snake, Southern bird snake, Southern twig snake, Southern vine snake, Twig snake, Vine snake, LOCAL Kotikoti, Mosenene
Thelotornis capensis capensis 1
Thelotornis capensis schilsi 2
Thelotornis capensis oatesi 51 EN Oate's bird snake, Oate's twig snake, Oates' vine snake

Full Taxonomy

  • I. Superfamily Colubroidea

  • Colubrids, elapids and vipers
  • II. Family Colubridae

  • Colubrids
  • III. Subfamily Colubrinae

  • Colubrids
  • IV. Genus Thelotornis

  • Bird snakes
  • V. Species Thelotornis capensis

  • Southern twig snake
  • VI. snakeID

  • 2288