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Thamnophis sirtalis

Common Garter Snake

Venomous 💀💀 Harmful bite ref
Images automatically provided by Flickr & iNaturalist. Sporadic false assignment does occur.
  • Length Adult

  • up to 138 cm ref
  • Length Newborn

  • 13 to 23 cm ref
  • Reproduction

  • unknown ref
  • Pupil Shape (when closed!)

  • round (or oval) ref

Altitude range

Vertical distribution

0 to 2500 meter above sea level (a.s.l.) ref

Subspecies & Common Names

Thamnophis sirtalis  ALABAMA Chintokchákkosi, BILOXI NdÉsi Kdè'xi, CAJUN FRENCH Serpent D'eau, CENTRAL NAHUATL Acoate, CENTRAL TARAHUMARA Baka Ra Chi, Baku Suri, Macarachi, CHICKASAW Sinti' Okchamali', Sintokchama'li, CHOCTAW Pachàlhpàli, Sinti Basoa, DUTCH Kousenbandslang, ENGLISH American Garter Snake, American Ribbon Snake, Common Garter Snake, Common Snake, Garter Snake, Grass Snake, Green Garter Snake, Nisqually Garter Snake, North American Garter Snake, Northwestern Garter Snake, Pickering's Garter Snake, Puget Sound Garter Snake, Puget Sound Red Sided Garter Snake, Red Stripe Garter Snake, Ribbon Snake, San Francisco Garter Snake, Sirtal Snake, Slow Garter Snake, Spotted Garter Snake, Spotted Ribbon Snake, Striped Adder, Striped Garter, Striped Snake, Striped Water Snake, Swamp Garter Snake, Three Stripe Adder, Vancover Garter Snake, Washington Garter Snake, Water Garter, Water Garter Snake, Water Snake, FINNISH Sukkanauhakäärmeet, FRENCH Couleuvre Rayée, Couleuvre Sirtale, Jarretière, Serpent Jarretière, GERMAN Bandschlange, Gemeine Strumpfbandnatter, Gewöhnlich Strumpfbandnatter, Gewöhnliche Strumpfbandnatter, Rotstreifen Strumpfbandnatter, Strumpfbandnatter, HUNGARIAN Közönséges Szalagossikló, KOASATI Cintó Sapsiwá, NEZ PERCE Pelqé Kex Sílu, Pelqé Ykex Sílu, OSAGE We' Ts'a Gthe çe, PIMA BAJO WamaD, SENECA Shanôyáénë', SPANISH Culebra De Agua, Culebra De Agua Nómada, Culebra De Agua Nómada Común, Culebra Palustre, Jarretera, Serpiente De Jarretera, Serpiente Listada De Amarillo, SWEDISH Strumpefandssnck, TOHONO O'ODHAM WamaD, ZAPOTEC Bel Yitw ñina ref
Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis ENGLISH Black Spotted Garter Snake, Blue Spotted Snake, Broad Garter Snake, Brown Snake, Churchill's Garter Snake, Common Eastern Garter Snake, Common Garter Snake, Common Streaked Snake, Common Stripe Snake, Dusky Garter Snake, Eastern Common Garter Snake, Eastern Garter Snake, Eastern Ribbon Snake, First And Last, Fust And Last, Garden Snake, Garter Snake, Grass Garter Snake, Grass Snake, Green Garter Snake, Green Spotted Garter Snake, Green Spotted Snake, Hooped Snake, Little Brown Snake, Little Green Garter Snake, Little Greensnake, North American Garter Snake, North American Stripe Snake, Northeastern Garter Snake, Northern Garter Snake, Ordinary Garter Snake, Ordinary Spotted Garter Snake, Plain Garter Snake, Red Garter Snake, Sirtal Snake, Slender Garter Snake, Slow Garter, Slow Garter Snake, Spotted Garter Snake, Spotted Riband Snake, Spotted Side Snake, Spotted Snake, Streaked Snake, Striped Garter Snake, Striped Grass Snake, Striped Snake, Swamp Garter Snake, Swift Ribbon Snake, Swift Snake, Swift Streaked Snake, Three Stripped Adder, Water Garter Snake, Yellow Head Garter Snake, Yellowsnake, FRENCH Couleuvre Rayée, L'Ibibe, GERMAN Gewöhnliche Strumpfbandnatter, Östlich Strumpfbandnatter, SWEDISH Östlig Strumpebandssnok ref
Thamnophis sirtalis concinnus ENGLISH California Garter Snake, Embellished Garter Snake, Northwestern Garter Snake, One Stripe Garter Snake, Pacific Garter Snake, Pacific Red Barred Garter Snake, Pacific Red Sided Garter Snake, Pickering's Garter Snake, Red Spotted Garter Snake ref
Thamnophis sirtalis dorsalis ENGLISH Churchill's Garter Snake, Lowe's Garter Snake, New Mexico Garter Snake, SPANISH Culebra De Agua Nómada De Lowe ref
Thamnophis sirtalis fitchi ENGLISH California Garter Snake, Cascade Garter Snake, Northwestern Garter Snake, Pacific Garter Snake, Red Barred Garter Snake, Valley Garter Snake, FRENCH Couleuvre Rayée ref
Thamnophis sirtalis infernalis ENGLISH California Garter Snake, California Red Barred Garter Snake, California Red Sided Garter Snake, Cascade Garter Snake, One Stripe Garter Snake, Pacific Garter Snake, San Francisco Garter Snake, Single Stripe Garter Snake, Western Garter Snake, GERMAN San Francisco Strumpfbandnattern ref
Thamnophis sirtalis lowei ref
Thamnophis sirtalis pallidulus ENGLISH Maritime Garter Snake, FRENCH Couleuvre Rayée ref
Thamnophis sirtalis parietalis ENGLISH Common Garter Snake, Garter Snake, Great Plains Garter Snake, Green Stripe Garter Snake, Northern Garter Snake, Ornate Garter Snake, Pacific Garter Snake, Pacific Red Sided Garter Snake, Parietal Garter Snake, Prairie Garter Snake, Red Backed Garter Snake, Red Barred Garter Snake, Red Garter, Red Garter Snake, Red Sided Garter Snake, Red Spotted Garter Snake, Rocky Mountain Garter Snake, Say's Garter Snake, Western Garter Snake, FRENCH Couleuvre Rayée, GERMAN Rotpunktierte Strumpfbandnatter, Rotseitige Strumpfbandnatter, SPANISH Serpiente De Jarretera, SWEDISH Rödsidad Strumpebandssnok ref
Thamnophis sirtalis pickeringii ENGLISH Black Garter Snake ref
Thamnophis sirtalis semifasciatus ENGLISH Chicago Garter Snake, GERMAN Chicago Strumpfbandnatter ref
Thamnophis sirtalis similis ENGLISH Blue Stripe Garter Snake, Bluestriped Garter Snake, Florida Garter Snake, GERMAN Blaustreifen Floridastrumpfbandnatter ref
Thamnophis sirtalis tetrataenia ref
Thamnophis sirtalis annectens ENGLISH Texas Garter Snake, SPANISH Jarretera De Texas ref

Full Taxonomy

  • I. Superfamily Colubroidea

  • Colubrids, elapids and vipers
  • II. Family Colubridae

  • Colubrids
  • III. Subfamily Natricinae

  • Natricinae
  • IV. Genus Thamnophis

  • Garter snakes
  • V. Species Thamnophis sirtalis

  • Common Garter Snake
  • VI. snakeID

  • 3322
Look up complete taxonomic records of Thamnophis sirtalis (including synonyms) at THE REPTILE DATABASE (by Peter Uetz et al).