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Crotalus viridis

Prairie Rattlesnake

Venomous 💀💀💀💀 Very dangerous bite ref
Images automatically provided by Flickr & iNaturalist. Sporadic false assignment does occur.
  • Length Adult

  • up to 160 cm ref
  • Length Newborn

  • 20 cm ref
  • Reproduction

  • ovoviviparous ref
  • Pupil Shape (when closed!)

  • slit (or vertical elliptical) ref
  • Fangs

  • foldable ref front-fanged ref
  • Teeth/Fang Length

  • 8.4 mm ref

Altitude range

Vertical distribution

0 to 3500 meter above sea level (a.s.l.) ref

Subspecies & Common Names

Crotalus viridis  ACHI Sochoj, BILOXI NdÉsi Xidi', CAJUN FRENCH Serpent Sonnette, CENTRAL NAHUATL Colcoatl, Ecacóatl, Ehecacóatl, CENTRAL TARAHUMARA Chachámuri, Chamurá, Chanébari, Sayahui, Sinohui Chamarara, CHEROKEE U N'tso' N' Ti', U Tso'n(a) Ti, CHEYENNE Xamáa øe øenovotse, CHICKASAW Ittiwasha'chi, Ittiwashanchi', Sintishtahallo', Sishto', CHIPPEWA Zhiishiigweg, CHOCTAW Sintullo, CHOL Ajluk', COMANCHE Wasinaboo, Wuhkitsu Tsu Ikatu, Wuhtsabeyakatu, CREE Sesikwewi Kinepik, DAKOTA Si¤tehda, DUTCH Prairieratelslang, Ractel Slange, Ratel Slangen, Ratelslang, ENGLISH Bell Snake, Buzz Tail, Chatter Viper, Diamond Back, Diamond Rattlesnake, Muscial Jack, Plains Rattlesnake, Prairie Rattler, Prairie Rattlesnake, Rattle Tail Snake, Rattlesnake, Rusty Back, Sizzle Tail, Snattle Rake, Western Rattlesnake, FINNISH Kalkkarokäärmeet, Preeriakalkkarokäärme, FRENCH Crotale, Crotale à Taches Confluentes, Crotale De L'Ouest, Crotale Des Prairies, Crotale Diamant, Crotale Vert, Serpent à Sonnette, Vipere à Queuë Sonnante, GERMAN Klapperschlange, Prärie Klapperschlange, Prärieklapperschlange, Prärien Klapperschlange, Waldklapperschlange, Westliche Klapperschlange, HOPI Tsuu'a, HUASTEC Tzahuil, HUNGARIAN Préri Csörgõkígyó, ITALIAN Crotalo, Crotalo Verde, Serpente A Sonagli, Sonagli, KOASATI Cintó Cobá, LAKOTA SiÕte'hla, NAVAJO Siláo Habitiin, Tl'iish 'ádaanínígíí, NEZ PERCE Shaptin Pyuø, NORTHERN TEPEHUAN Quii'ñ Cam Co', OFO Okte'fi Taphe'su, Taph'su O Kte'fi, OSAGE Shé Ki, PEñOLES MIXTEC Koo Kaa, PIMA BAJO Ko'owi, Kohko'owi, PORTUGUESE Cascavel, Caxcabel, POTAWATOMI Shanwe'nge', SAN MATEO DEL MAR HUAVE Mixoob Ndiüc, SENECA Uhsikwêôt, SERI Cocázni, SIKSIKA Omahhsisttsiiksiinaa, Sapittsikotoyi, SPANISH Alicante, Bíbora, Cascabel, Cascabel De Las Praderas, Cascabel Del Oeste, Cascabel Occidental, Crotalo, Crótalo De Las Praderas, Raboseco, Señora De La Serpientes, Serpiente De Cascabel, Trompito, Víbora De Cascabel, Vívora, TABASCO ZOQUE Xakaka7, TEWA Qwæ ìPu', TOHONO O'ODHAM Ko'owi, Kohko'owi, UNCODED LANGUAGES Ah Tsab Kan, Ah Tsab Ti' Kan, Ahaw Kan, Ahaw Tsab, Chak Ahaw Kan, Chi Kix Kan, Chik Chan, Ek' Ahaw Kan, K'an Ahaw Kan, Sak Ahaw Kan, Tsabkan, Tu Jtsúmum, UNDETERMINED LANGUAGE Yacachtli, YAQUI Aakame, YUCATECO Ahaucan, ZAPOTEC Bgüiz', Gwbiz, Xbi' ref
Crotalus viridis viridis ENGLISH Black Rattler, Common Rattlesnake, Confluent Rattlesnake, Great Basin Rattlesnake, Large Prairie Rattlesnake, Massasauga, Missouri Rattlesnake, Plains Rattlesnake, Prairie Rattlesnake, Rattlesnake Of The Prairies, Spotted Rattlesnake, Western Rattlesnake, Western Spotted Rattlesnake, FRENCH Crotale De L'Ouest, Crotale De Prairies, GERMAN Prärie Klapperschlange, SPANISH Cascabel De Pradera, Víbora De Cascabel ref
Crotalus viridis nuntius ENGLISH Arizona Dwarf Rattlesnake, Arizona Prairie Rattlesnake, Hopi Rattlesnake, Prairie Rattlesnake, GERMAN Hopi Prärie Klapperschlange, Hopi Prärieklapperschlange, Prärieklapperschlange, SPANISH Cascabel Hopi, Crótalo Hopi ref

Full Taxonomy

  • I. Superfamily Colubroidea

  • Colubrids, elapids and vipers
  • II. Family Viperidae

  • Vipers and pit vipers
  • III. Subfamily Crotalinae

  • Pit vipers
  • IV. Genus Crotalus

  • Rattlesnakes
  • V. Species Crotalus viridis

  • Prairie rattlesnake
  • VI. snakeID

  • 270
Look up complete taxonomic records of Crotalus viridis (including synonyms) at THE REPTILE DATABASE (by Peter Uetz et al).