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Crotalus horridus

Timber Rattlesnake

Venomous 💀💀💀💀 Very dangerous bite ref
Images automatically provided by Flickr & iNaturalist. Sporadic false assignment does occur.
  • Length Adult

  • up to 190 cm ref
  • Length Newborn

  • 25 to 43 cm ref
  • Reproduction

  • ovoviviparous ref
  • Pupil Shape (when closed!)

  • slit (or vertical elliptical) ref
  • Fangs

  • foldable ref front-fanged ref

Altitude range

Vertical distribution

0 to 2000 meter above sea level (a.s.l.) ref

Subspecies & Common Names

Crotalus horridus  ACHI Sochoj, ALABAMA Chintochoba, BILOXI NdÉsi Xidi', CAJUN FRENCH Serpent Sonnette, CENTRAL NAHUATL Colcoatl, Ecacóatl, Ehecacóatl, CENTRAL TARAHUMARA Chachámuri, Chamurá, Chanébari, Sayahui, Sinohui Chamarara, CHEROKEE U N'tso' N' Ti', U Tso'n(a) Ti, CHEYENNE Xamáa øe øenovotse, CHICKASAW Ittiwasha'chi, Ittiwashanchi', Sintishtahallo', Sishto', CHIPPEWA Zhiishiigweg, CHOCTAW Sintullo, CHOL Ajluk', COMANCHE Wasinaboo, Wuhkitsu Tsu Ikatu, Wuhtsabeyakatu, CREE Sesikwewi Kinepik, DAKOTA Si¤tehda, DUTCH Bosratelslang, Ractel Slange, Ratel Slangen, Ratelslang, ENGLISH American Viper, Banded Rattlesnake, Bastard Rattlesnake, Bell Snake, Black Rattler, Black Rattlesnake, Boiquirá, Bottomland Rattlesnake, Buzz Tail, Cane Braker, Cane Rattler, Canebrake Rattlesnake, Canebreak Rattlesnake, Canebreaker, Chatter Viper, Chevron Rattler, Common Rattler, Common Rattlesnake, Common Timber Rattlesnake, Crotale, Diamond Back, Diamond Back Rattlesnake, Eastern Rattlesnake, Great Rattlesnake, Great Yellow Rattlesnake, Mountain Rattler, Mountain Rattlesnake, Mountain Timber Rattler, Muscial Jack, North American Horrid Rattlesnake, North American Rattlesnake, Northern Banded Rattlesnake, Northern Rattlesnake, Pine Barrens Rattler, Pitviper, Poison Viper, Rattle Tail Snake, Rattlensnake, Rattlesnake, Rattlesnake Of The Bottomlands, Rock Rattlesnake, Rusty Back, Seminole Rattler, Sizzle Tail, Small Rattlesnake, Snattle Rake, Southern Banded Rattlesnake, Southern Timber Rattlesnake, Striped Rattlesnake, Swamp Rattler, Timber Rattlesnake, Timber Snake, Velvet Tail, Velvet Tail Rattlesnake, Wood Rattlesnake, Yellow Rattlesnake, Yellowish Brown Rattlesnake, FINNISH Kalkkarokäärmeet, Metsäkalkkarokäärme, FRENCH Couleuvre A Tête De Vipère, Crotale, Crotale à Queue Noire, Crotale Des Bois, Crotale Diamant, Crotale Horrible, Crotalie Des Bois, Serpent à Sonnette, Vipere à Queuë Sonnante, GERMAN Klapperschlange, Schilfklapperschlange, Wald Klapperschlange, Waldklapperschlange, HOPI Tsuu'a, HUASTEC Tzahuil, ITALIAN Crotalo, Crotalo Dei Canneti, Serpente A Sonagli, Sonagli, KOASATI Cintó Cobá, LAKOTA SiÕte'hla, NAVAJO Siláo Habitiin, Tl'iish 'ádaanínígíí, NEZ PERCE Shaptin Pyuø, NORTHERN TEPEHUAN Quii'ñ Cam Co', OFO Okte'fi Taphe'su, Taph'su O Kte'fi, OSAGE Shé Ki, PEñOLES MIXTEC Koo Kaa, PIMA BAJO Ko'owi, Kohko'owi, PORTUGUESE Cascavel, Cascavel Da Madeira, Caxcabel, POTAWATOMI Shanwe'nge', SAN MATEO DEL MAR HUAVE Mixoob Ndiüc, SENECA Ohsigwëön, Uhsikwêôt, SERI Cocázni, SIKSIKA Omahhsisttsiiksiinaa, Sapittsikotoyi, SPANISH Alicante, Bíbora, Cascabel, Cascabel De Bosque, Crotalo, Crótalo De Bosque, Crotalo Horrible, Raboseco, Señora De La Serpientes, Serpiente De Cascabel, Trompito, Víbora De Cascabel, Vívora, TABASCO ZOQUE Xakaka7, TEWA Qwæ ìPu', TOHONO O'ODHAM Ko'owi, Kohko'owi, UNCODED LANGUAGES Ah Tsab Kan, Ah Tsab Ti' Kan, Ahaw Kan, Ahaw Tsab, Chak Ahaw Kan, Chi Kix Kan, Chik Chan, Ek' Ahaw Kan, K'an Ahaw Kan, Sak Ahaw Kan, Tsabkan, Tu Jtsúmum, UNDETERMINED LANGUAGE Yacachtli, YAQUI Aakame, YUCATECO Ahaucan, ZAPOTEC Bgüiz', Gwbiz, Xbi' ref

Full Taxonomy

  • I. Superfamily Colubroidea

  • Colubrids, elapids and vipers
  • II. Family Viperidae

  • Vipers and pit vipers
  • III. Subfamily Crotalinae

  • Pit vipers
  • IV. Genus Crotalus

  • Rattlesnakes
  • V. Species Crotalus horridus

  • Timber rattlesnake
  • VI. snakeID

  • 248
Look up complete taxonomic records of Crotalus horridus (including synonyms) at THE REPTILE DATABASE (by Peter Uetz et al).