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Crotalus durissus

South American Rattlesnake

Venomous 💀💀💀💀 Very dangerous bite ref
Images automatically provided by Flickr & iNaturalist. Sporadic false assignment does occur.

Warning. 

Like all rattlesnakes, Crotalus durissus has potent hemotoxic venom. The subspecies C. d. terrificus has furthermore neurotoxic venom, bite victims may die very fast after envenomation. These snakes kill more people that lancehead snakes (Boththrops spp.).
  • Length Adult

  • up to 200 cm ref
  • Length Newborn

  • 20 to 35 cm ref
  • Reproduction

  • ovoviviparous ref
  • Pupil Shape (when closed!)

  • slit (or vertical elliptical) ref
  • Fangs

  • foldable ref front-fanged ref

Altitude range

Vertical distribution

0 to 2500 meter above sea level (a.s.l.) ref

Subspecies & Common Names

Crotalus durissus  ACHI Sochoj, ACHUAR-SHIWIAR Núkam, Núkamp, Púruskam, AGUARUNA Buwāch(i), Buwásh Macanchillo, Buwáshi Mancanchillo, Tséjemakanch, Yatútu, Yatuútu, AKAWAIO Sagazak, Sak Kah Sak, AYACUCHO QUECHUA Amaru, AYMARA Sakapero, Sakapero Catari, BARASANA-EDURIA Eri, BAURE Ygimani, BILOXI NdÉsi Xidi', BORA Chííyáwá, BORDER KUNA Ukku Naibe, Ukkunaipe, Ukunaibe, CAJUN FRENCH Serpent Sonnette, CANELA Cangantí, é Pak Ti, Pa Ki Ti, CARA Walsa, CENTRAL NAHUATL Colcoatl, Ecacóatl, Ehecacóatl, Tecuhtlacozauqui, Teotlacozauhqui, Tepocolcoatl, Teuhtlacozauhqui, Teutlacocauhqui, Tlilcóatl, CENTRAL TARAHUMARA Chachámuri, Chamurá, Chanébari, Sayahui, Sinohui Chamarara, CHANé Ipôcó, CHAYAHUITA Shihuara, CHEROKEE U N'tso' N' Ti', U Tso'n(a) Ti, CHEYENNE Xamáa øe øenovotse, CHIAPANEC Nolú Lunacá, Nulú Lupaká, CHICKASAW Ittiwasha'chi, Ittiwashanchi', Sintishtahallo', Sishto', CHIPPEWA Zhiishiigweg, CHOCTAW Sintullo, CHOL Ajluk', COCAMA-COCAMILLA Cui'tini, COLORADO Wasa, COMANCHE Wasinaboo, Wuhkitsu Tsu Ikatu, Wuhtsabeyakatu, CREE Sesikwewi Kinepik, DAKOTA Si¤tehda, DUTCH Ractel Slange, Ratel Slangen, Ratelslang, Zuid Amerikaanse Ratelslang, Zuid Amerikaanse Ratlslange, ENGLISH Andean Rattlesnake, Bell Snake, Buzz Tail, Cascabel Rattlesnake, Central American Rattlesnake, Central Brazilian Rattlesnake, Chatter Viper, Diamond Back, Green Rattlesnake, Guianian Rattlesnake, Jungle Rattlesnake, Muscial Jack, Neotropcial Rattlesnake, Neotropical Rattlesnake, Northeastern Brazilian Rattlesnake, Rattle Tail Snake, Rattlesnake, Rusty Back, Sizzle Tail, Snattle Rake, South American Rattlesnake, Striped Rattlesnake, Tropical Rattlesnake, Wood Rattlesnake, Yucatan Rattlesnake, FINNISH Kabella, Kalkkarokäärmeet, Kauhukalkkarokäärme, FRENCH Cascabelle, Crotale, Crotale Cascabelle, Crotàle Cascavelle, Crótale De Tropique, Crotale Des Tropiques, Crotale Diamant, Crotlae Durisse, Serpent à Sonnette, Vipere à Queuë Sonnante, GALIBI CARIB Asakaimo, Asakamio, GERMAN Klapperschlange, Pifanos Klapperschlange, Schauerklapperschlange, Schreckensklapperschlange, Südamerikanische Klapperschlange, Tropische Klapperschlange, Waldklapperschlange, GUAJAJáRA Mói Maracá, Mói Maraká, GUARANI Aguai, Boicinim, Boîcininga, Boiçinunga, Boiçninim, Chiní, Katakata, Mba'echiniva, Mboi Chi Ni, Mboí Chiné, Mboi Chini, HOPI Tsuu'a, HUAMBISA Nukam, Nukampen, Shuikim, Shuikmin, HUASTEC Tzahuil, HUNGARIAN Borzasztó Csörgõkígyó, ITALIAN Crotalo, Serpente A Sonagli, Sonagli, KAMAYURá Cui'tini, KAYAPó Apát, KOASATI Cintó Cobá, LAKOTA SiÕte'hla, LATIN Domina Serpentum, MBYá GUARANí Imbarake Váe, Mbaraka, Mboi Mbaraka, MURUI HUITOTO Lloreremo Ite, Lloreyobaì, Norórài, Raidu, Raidu Janorede, NAVAJO Siláo Habitiin, Tl'iish 'ádaanínígíí, NEZ PERCE Shaptin Pyuø, NHENGATU Maracá, Maracá Bóia, Maracàbóia, Maracambóia, NIVACLé ô'clô Chishishinaj, NORTHERN TEPEHUAN Quii'ñ Cam Co', OCAINA Namaañi, OFO Okte'fi Taphe'su, Taph'su O Kte'fi, OJITLáN CHINANTEC Møh Hua, OSAGE Shé Ki, PAPIAMENTO Colebra, PARAGUAYAN GUARANí Boiquira Mboi Quira, PAUMARí Makha Mii, PEMON Sakasak, PEñOLES MIXTEC Koo Kaa, PIMA BAJO Ko'owi, Kohko'owi, PIPIL Cuêtchhuat', Kwechwah, PIRO Tlajripi, PORTUGUESE Casca, Cascabel, Cascavel, Cascavel De Cuatro Ventas, Caxcabel, Cobra Cascavel, Cobra De Guizo, Cobra Gorda, Maraca, Maracambóia, Serpente Quetine, POTAWATOMI Shanwe'nge', QUECHUA Amaru, Palla Karaiwai, Palla Katari, RESíGARO Oná Kó, SAN MATEO DEL MAR HUAVE Mixoob Ndiüc, SENECA Uhsikwêôt, SERI Cocázni, SHUAR Napi Ti Tseasrintin, Shakap, Tiinkiám, SIKSIKA Omahhsisttsiiksiinaa, Sapittsikotoyi, SPANISH Alicante, Bíbora, Campanilla, Cascabel, Cascabel Amarilla De Cola Negra, Cascabel Chonono, Cascabel Común, Cascabel De Cuatro Ventas, Cascabel De Guiana, Cascabel Enana, Cascabel Neotropical, Cascabel Serrano, Cascabel Tropica, Cascabel Tropical, Cascabela, Cascabella, Cascavel, Cascavel De Cuatro Ventas, Cascavella, Cazadora, Cobra De Guizo, Crotalo, Crótalo Del Trópico, Culebra, Durizo, Maraca, Plèyades, Raboseco, Señora De La Serpientes, Serpiente Cascabel Tropical, Serpiente De Cascabel, Trompito, Víbora De Cascabel, Víbora De Cascabel Neotropical, Víbora Real, Viborón, Vívora, SRANAN TONGO Ratelslang, Sakasneki, Sakkaslang, TABASCO ZOQUE Xakaka7, TEWA Qwæ ìPu', TOHONO O'ODHAM Ko'owi, Kohko'owi, TUPí Boicininga, Boiçuniga, Boiçununga, Boieté, Boiquira, Maracá, Mbòissininga, Mbòissinininga, UNCODED LANGUAGES Ah Tsab Kan, Ah Tsab Ti' Kan, Ahau Kan, Ahaw Kan, Ahaw Tsab, Ahaw Tsab Kan, Amaru, Apat, Boiquira, Caiguara, Chak Ahaw Kan, Chi Kix Kan, Chik Chan, Colebre, Ek' Ahaw Kan, Eri, K'an Ahaw Kan, Kan Ahaw Kan, Mbaraka, Palla, Pleiades, Sak Ahaw Kan, Sak Kah Sak, Saka Sineki, Seseyiajeria, Tsab Kan, Tsabcan, Tsabkan, Tu Jtsúmum, Tzab Can, UNDETERMINED LANGUAGE Ayug, Chil Chil, Tangedor, Yacachtli, WAYUU Ma ára, Máara, Tótern De La Casta, Urariyu, XETá Diago, YAQUI Aakame, YUCATECO Ahau Can, Ahaucan, Tzabcan, ZAPOTEC Bgüiz', Gwbiz, Shunu, Xbi' ref
Crotalus durissus durissus DUTCH Zuid Amerikaanse Ratlslange, ENGLISH Central American Rattlesnake, Neotropcial Rattlesnake, GERMAN Schauerklapperschlange, SPANISH Cascabel Centroamericana, Víbora Real, UNCODED LANGUAGES Quiakxop, Sochaj, UNDETERMINED LANGUAGE Chil Chil ref
Crotalus durissus cumanensis ENGLISH Colombian Cascabel, Colombian Rattlesnake, Cumana Rattlesnake, Cumana Tropical Rattlesnake, Pifano's Rattlesnake, Venezuelan Cascabel, Venezuelan Rattlesnake, GERMAN Cumana Schauerklapperschlange, Kolumbianische Klapperschlange, SPANISH Cascabel Común, Cascabel De Cumaná, Cascabel De Monagas, Cascabel De Pifano, Culebra De Cascabel, UNDETERMINED LANGUAGE Ma ára ref
Crotalus durissus trigonicus ENGLISH Rupunini Rattlesnake, Rupununi Savanna Rattlesnake ref
Crotalus durissus marajoensis ENGLISH Marajoan Rattlesnake, Marajon Rattlesnake, PORTUGUESE Cascavel, Maraca, TUPí Boicininga, Boiquira ref
Crotalus durissus terrificus AYMARA Catharitha, Chhulluchhullu, ENGLISH Brazilian Rattlesnake, South American Rattlesnake, Tropical Rattlesnake, GERMAN Schauerklapperschlange, Südamerikanische Klapperschlange, GUARANI Boicinim, Boîcininga, Boiçninim, Mboi Chini, MAPUDUNGUN Filu, Vilu, NHENGATU Maracàbóia, PORTUGUESE Boicininga, Cascavel, Cascavel Do Sul, Cascavel Meridional, Cascavel Quatro Ventas, Cobra De Chocalho, Cobra De Guizo, Maraca, Maraca Boia, Vibora De Chocalho, QUECHUA Catari, Pálla, Palla Carairwa, Pálla Catári, Pallacatari, Sacapáyac, SPANISH Caiguara, Cascabel, Cascabel Chonono, Cascabel Común, Cascabel Sudamericana, Cascabel Sudamericano, Chonono, Crotalo, Serpiente De Cascabel, Vibora Cascabel, Víbora De Cascabel, Viborón, TUPí Boicininga, Boicunda, Boiquira, UNCODED LANGUAGES Mboi Chi Ni ref
Crotalus durissus ruruima ENGLISH Guyanan Rattlesnake, Mount Roraima Rattlesnake, Mt. Roraima Rattlesnake, Rupunini Rattlesnake, Rupunini Savannah Rattlesnake, Ruruima Tropical Rattlesnake, GERMAN Roraima Schauerklapperschlange, PORTUGUESE Cascavel, Maraca, SPANISH Cascabel De Roraima, Cascabel De Ruruima, TUPí Boicininga, Boiquira ref
Crotalus durissus unicolor ENGLISH Aruba Island Rattlesnake, FRENCH Crotale Grêle, GERMAN Aruba Inselklapperschlange, Aruba Klapperschlange, PAPIAMENTO Colebre ref

Full Taxonomy

  • I. Superfamily Colubroidea

  • Colubrids, elapids and vipers
  • II. Family Viperidae

  • Vipers and pit vipers
  • III. Subfamily Crotalinae

  • Pit vipers
  • IV. Genus Crotalus

  • Rattlesnakes
  • V. Species Crotalus durissus

  • South American rattlesnake
  • VI. snakeID

  • 245
Look up complete taxonomic records of Crotalus durissus (including synonyms) at THE REPTILE DATABASE (by Peter Uetz et al).